IAC News No.44, June 2016
Japan Society of Civil Engineers International Activities Center June 1, 2016 IAC News No.44
2nd MES-JSCE Joint Symposium
The economy in Myanmar has gradually activated with the progress of democratization. In Yangon, which is the largest city of Myanmar, traffic demand has been increased radically, and current strong road infrastructure construction efforts are still insufficient. These conditions have contributed to more traffic congestion year by year. Although higher education institutions such as university started training of civil engineering engineers and researchers, they still face big challenges in terms of their quantity and quality. JSCE is asked to contribute to the development of solutions for the above challenge with JSCE’s member’s various knowledge and rich experiences gained through overseas technical cooperation and human resource development cooperation.
Based on the motivation above, the 2nd Joint Symposium was held with JSCE and the local counterpart, Myanmar Engineering Society (MES) on 21 to 22 March. 8 JSCE professionals including Mr. Asao Yamakawa, Acting Senior Director of IAC, Dr. Yukihiro Tukada, Executive Director of JSCE and Prof. Hiromichi Shirato of Kyoto University participated in the symposium. Mr. Shoichi Watanabe, First Secretary of Embassy of Japan in Myanmar, Mr. Tetsushi Hayakawa from JICA Myanmar office and Japanese company members also joined the symposium. Around 200 MES members including U Win Khaing, President of MES and Dr. Han Zaw, a past President of MES, who was awarded at JSCE International Award, participated in the symposium.
In the morning of the first day of the symposium, the General Session “Civil Engineering Education for Students & Professionals in Myanmar” and “Japan’s International Cooperation in the Civil Engineering Field” were held. In the afternoon, researches and projects regarding to bridge, river construction management, road & transportation were presented in Parallel Sessions. Each session had lively discussions, and then we shared the discussions held in every ssession in the final closing session. On the second day of the symposium, we visited Thilawa Special Economic Zone, New Thaketa Bridge and Yangon Circular Railway with JICA’s cooperation. Our biggest achievement through this program was that we could take the first step toward strengthening good network between engineers and researchers in Myanmar and Japan.
In the new government which was established on this March, U Win Khaing, President of MES, was inaugurated as Minister of Construction, and Dr. Kyaw Linn, Under Secretary of Ministry of Construction who was also awarded at JSCE International Award will continue his post. JSCE is going to plan to hold exchange program with MES actively by making use of such a lucky opportunity. We would appreciate if you could support and cooperate our activities.
Executive Members of MES and JSCE
Discussion between the JSCE delegates and MES President U Win Khaing and Dr. Han Zaw
【Reported by Tetsuo Shimizu, Myanmar Group Leader, Int’l Cooperation & Collaboration Group, IAC】
Report of Symposium of 5th Anniversary of Great East Japan Earthquake
The JSCE hosted a symposium on the 5th anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake at Hatsumeikaikan in Tokyo on March 1 and 2, 2016. The fifth event to commemorate the earthquake, the symposium was held under the theme of “The Past 5 Years - Preparing for Further Reconstruction and the Future.” Panel discussions examined six subjects (Table 1) that require collaboration between academia and society. Panelists from various fields, including planning science, sociology, agriculture, and civil engineering, actively engaged in discussions on a diverse range of topics.
The 300-seat hall was filled on both days. The audience intently listened to the discussions, asked questions, and gave comments and opinions. In Session 5, one participant asked, “Is agriculture not going to shift to next-generation agriculture during the reconstruction?” Another participant suggested that “future forecasting should cover at least next 100 years rather than a shorter period so that we could prepare for several predicted scenarios.” In Session 6, participants asked, “How can regions collaborate with one another?” and “Is consensus-building really necessary?” One participant commented, “In parallel with reconstruction in the regions, it should be urgent to work out measures for the problem of Japan’s low birth rate and aging population that has become more apparent and progressed rapidly since the disaster.” Five years after the earthquake and tsunami, discussions remain spirited, and the audience showed keen interest in the issues of “How should reconstruction be carried out in the future” and “How should the lessons learned from the disaster be applied to the next disaster.”
In the closing session, the head of each session summarized its discussions. To conclude the two-day symposium, the JSCE President Noriaki Hirose shared his views that the symposium showed the need for interdisciplinary standing committees on disaster reduction, disaster management, and reconstruction. Also he stated that he wanted to help society prepare for future disasters and subsequent reconstruction by collaborating with other academics societies.
One of the sessions at the 5th symposium
Participants listen to presentations.
|Session 1:||Disaster prevention and mitigation assessment: Comprehensive tsunami disaster prevention and mitigation|
|Session 2:||Seismic design system for “risk resistance” / Issues in planning, testing, and implementation|
|Session 3:||Implementation of measures to manage the radioactive waste from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident—Aimed at early reconstruction of Fukushima|
|Session 4:||Software in response to disaster—people, organizations, and regions|
|Session 5:||What we should learn from the experience of reconstruction in tsunami-affected areas in Tohoku|
|Session 6:||How should reconstruction proceed in the areas affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident?|
|Closing session:||Utilizing the experiences of the past 5 years for reconstruction and preparations for future disasters.|
【Reported by Ryosuke Takahashi, Leader of Information Group, IAC】
- The summary of feature articles in the JSCE Magazine is available on the JSCE website.
- Concrete Committee International Newsletter No. 45
- Journal of JSCE
The Journal of JSCE is the collection of research papers which can be viewed on the JSCE website.
- Disaster Fact Sheet
- IAC Students and Alumni Network
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